Ionizing radiation is a type of energy that has the ability to remove electrons from atoms and molecules, a process known as ionization. This type of radiation can be found in X-rays, cosmic particles from outer space, and radioactive elements. When ionizing radiation interacts with cells, it can cause damage to cells and genetic material, potentially leading to cell death or harmful changes in DNA. Intense exposures to ionizing radiation can cause damage to skin or tissue, and even a single nuclear path along a path of densely ionizing particles can trigger damaging effects on cells and their neighbors.Alpha particles are a form of particulate ionizing radiation composed of two neutrons and two protons.
Different tissues react differently to ionizing radiation, so the effective dose - the total amount of ionizing radiation received that can cause biological damage - is more important than the dose itself. The potential health risks associated with ionizing radiation are serious. It can affect atoms in living things, posing a health risk by damaging the tissue and DNA of genes. It is important to be aware of the dangers of ionizing radiation and take steps to protect yourself from its effects.