Gamma irradiation is the most popular form of radiation sterilization and is used when materials are sensitive to the high temperatures of autoclaving but compatible with ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation could be a lethal health hazard if used improperly. The proper use of these methods is regulated and monitored by global and national security organizations. Any incidents that have occurred in the past are thoroughly documented and analyzed to determine the root cause and potential for improvement.
Ionizing radiation is a type of short-wavelength radiation that carries enough energy to release electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.